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utf8.c

/*
 * utf8.c - routines to handle UTF-8.
 */

#ifndef ENUM_CHARSETS

#include "charset.h"
#include "internal.h"

/*
 * UTF-8 has no associated data, so `charset' may be ignored.
 */

static void read_utf8(charset_spec const *charset, long int input_chr,
                  charset_state *state,
                  void (*emit)(void *ctx, long int output), void *emitctx)
{
    UNUSEDARG(charset);

    /*
     * For reading UTF-8, the `state' word contains:
     * 
     *  - in bits 29-31, the number of bytes expected to be in the
     *    current multibyte character (which we can tell instantly
     *    from the first byte, of course).
     * 
     *  - in bits 26-28, the number of bytes _seen so far_ in the
     *    current multibyte character.
     * 
     *  - in the remainder of the word, the current value of the
     *    character, which is shifted upwards by 6 bits to
     *    accommodate each new byte.
     * 
     * As required, the state is zero when we are not in the middle
     * of a multibyte character at all.
     * 
     * For example, when reading E9 8D 8B, starting at state=0:
     * 
     *  - after E9, the state is 0x64000009
     *  - after 8D, the state is 0x6800024d
     *  - after 8B, the state conceptually becomes 0x6c00934b, at
     *    which point we notice we've got as many characters as we
     *    were expecting, output U+934B, and reset the state to
     *    zero.
     *
     * Note that the maximum number of bits we might need to store
     * in the character value field is 25 (U+7FFFFFFF contains 31
     * bits, but we will never actually store its full value
     * because when we receive the last 6 bits in the final
     * continuation byte we will output it and revert the state to
     * zero). Hence the character value field never collides with
     * the byte counts.
     */

    if (input_chr < 0x80) {
      /*
       * Single-byte character. If the state is nonzero before
       * coming here, output an error for an incomplete sequence.
       * Then output the character.
       */
      if (state->s0 != 0) {
          emit(emitctx, ERROR);
          state->s0 = 0;
      }
      emit(emitctx, input_chr);
    } else if (input_chr == 0xFE || input_chr == 0xFF) {
      /*
       * FE and FF bytes should _never_ occur in UTF-8. They are
       * automatic errors; if the state was nonzero to start
       * with, output a further error for an incomplete sequence.
       */
      if (state->s0 != 0) {
          emit(emitctx, ERROR);
          state->s0 = 0;
      }
      emit(emitctx, ERROR);
    } else if (input_chr >= 0x80 && input_chr < 0xC0) {
      /*
       * Continuation byte. Output an error for an unexpected
       * continuation byte, if the state is zero.
       */
      if (state->s0 == 0) {
          emit(emitctx, ERROR);
      } else {
          unsigned long charval;
          unsigned long topstuff;
          int bytes;

          /*
           * Otherwise, accumulate more of the character value.
           */
          charval = state->s0 & 0x03ffffffL;
          charval = (charval << 6) | (input_chr & 0x3F);

          /*
           * Check the byte counts; if we have not reached the
           * end of the character, update the state and return.
           */
          topstuff = state->s0 & 0xfc000000L;
          topstuff += 0x04000000L;   /* add one to the byte count */
          if (((topstuff << 3) ^ topstuff) & 0xe0000000L) {
            state->s0 = topstuff | charval;
            return;
          }

          /*
           * Now we know we've reached the end of the character.
           * `charval' is the Unicode value. We should check for
           * various invalid things, and then either output
           * charval or an error. In all cases we reset the state
           * to zero.
           */
          bytes = topstuff >> 29;
          state->s0 = 0;

          if (charval >= 0xD800 && charval < 0xE000) {
            /*
             * Surrogates (0xD800-0xDFFF) may never be encoded
             * in UTF-8. A surrogate pair in Unicode should
             * have been encoded as a single UTF-8 character
             * occupying more than three bytes.
             */
            emit(emitctx, ERROR);
          } else if (charval == 0xFFFE || charval == 0xFFFF) {
            /*
             * U+FFFE and U+FFFF are invalid Unicode characters
             * and may never be encoded in UTF-8. (This is one
             * reason why U+FFFF is our way of signalling an
             * error to our `emit' function :-)
             */
            emit(emitctx, ERROR);
          } else if ((charval <= 0x7FL /* && bytes > 1 */) ||
                   (charval <= 0x7FFL && bytes > 2) ||
                   (charval <= 0xFFFFL && bytes > 3) ||
                   (charval <= 0x1FFFFFL && bytes > 4) ||
                   (charval <= 0x3FFFFFFL && bytes > 5)) {
            /*
             * Overlong sequences are not to be tolerated,
             * under any circumstances.
             */
            emit(emitctx, ERROR);
          } else {
            /*
             * Oh, all right. We'll let this one off.
             */
            emit(emitctx, charval);
          }
      }

    } else {
      /*
       * Lead byte. First output an error for an incomplete
       * sequence, if the state is nonzero.
       */
      if (state->s0 != 0)
          emit(emitctx, ERROR);

      /*
       * Now deal with the lead byte: work out the number of
       * bytes we expect to see in this character, and extract
       * the initial bits of it too.
       */
      if (input_chr >= 0xC0 && input_chr < 0xE0) {
          state->s0 = 0x44000000L | (input_chr & 0x1F);
      } else if (input_chr >= 0xE0 && input_chr < 0xF0) {
          state->s0 = 0x64000000L | (input_chr & 0x0F);
      } else if (input_chr >= 0xF0 && input_chr < 0xF8) {
          state->s0 = 0x84000000L | (input_chr & 0x07);
      } else if (input_chr >= 0xF8 && input_chr < 0xFC) {
          state->s0 = 0xa4000000L | (input_chr & 0x03);
      } else if (input_chr >= 0xFC && input_chr < 0xFE) {
          state->s0 = 0xc4000000L | (input_chr & 0x01);
      }
    }
}

/*
 * UTF-8 is a stateless multi-byte encoding (in the sense that just
 * after any character has been completed, the state is always the
 * same); hence when writing it, there is no need to use the
 * charset_state.
 */

static int write_utf8(charset_spec const *charset, long int input_chr,
                  charset_state *state,
                  void (*emit)(void *ctx, long int output),
                  void *emitctx)
{
    UNUSEDARG(charset);
    UNUSEDARG(state);

    if (input_chr == -1)
      return TRUE;                   /* stateless; no cleanup required */

    /*
     * Refuse to output any illegal code points.
     */
    if (input_chr == 0xFFFE || input_chr == 0xFFFF ||
      (input_chr >= 0xD800 && input_chr < 0xE000)) {
      return FALSE;
    } else if (input_chr < 0x80) {     /* one-byte character */
      emit(emitctx, input_chr);
      return TRUE;
    } else if (input_chr < 0x800) {    /* two-byte character */
      emit(emitctx, 0xC0 | (0x1F & (input_chr >>  6)));
      emit(emitctx, 0x80 | (0x3F & (input_chr      )));
      return TRUE;
    } else if (input_chr < 0x10000) {  /* three-byte character */
      emit(emitctx, 0xE0 | (0x0F & (input_chr >> 12)));
      emit(emitctx, 0x80 | (0x3F & (input_chr >>  6)));
      emit(emitctx, 0x80 | (0x3F & (input_chr      )));
      return TRUE;
    } else if (input_chr < 0x200000) { /* four-byte character */
      emit(emitctx, 0xF0 | (0x07 & (input_chr >> 18)));
      emit(emitctx, 0x80 | (0x3F & (input_chr >> 12)));
      emit(emitctx, 0x80 | (0x3F & (input_chr >>  6)));
      emit(emitctx, 0x80 | (0x3F & (input_chr      )));
      return TRUE;
    } else if (input_chr < 0x4000000) {/* five-byte character */
      emit(emitctx, 0xF8 | (0x03 & (input_chr >> 24)));
      emit(emitctx, 0x80 | (0x3F & (input_chr >> 18)));
      emit(emitctx, 0x80 | (0x3F & (input_chr >> 12)));
      emit(emitctx, 0x80 | (0x3F & (input_chr >>  6)));
      emit(emitctx, 0x80 | (0x3F & (input_chr      )));
      return TRUE;
    } else {                         /* six-byte character */
      emit(emitctx, 0xFC | (0x01 & (input_chr >> 30)));
      emit(emitctx, 0x80 | (0x3F & (input_chr >> 24)));
      emit(emitctx, 0x80 | (0x3F & (input_chr >> 18)));
      emit(emitctx, 0x80 | (0x3F & (input_chr >> 12)));
      emit(emitctx, 0x80 | (0x3F & (input_chr >>  6)));
      emit(emitctx, 0x80 | (0x3F & (input_chr      )));
      return TRUE;
    }
}

#ifdef TESTMODE

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdarg.h>

int total_errs = 0;

void utf8_emit(void *ctx, long output)
{
    wchar_t **p = (wchar_t **)ctx;
    *(*p)++ = output;
}

void utf8_read_test(int line, char *input, int inlen, ...)
{
    va_list ap;
    wchar_t *p, str[512];
    int i;
    charset_state state;
    unsigned long l;

    state.s0 = 0;
    p = str;

    for (i = 0; i < inlen; i++)
      read_utf8(NULL, input[i] & 0xFF, &state, utf8_emit, &p);

    va_start(ap, inlen);
    l = 0;
    for (i = 0; i < p - str; i++) {
      l = va_arg(ap, long int);
      if (l == -1) {
          printf("%d: correct string shorter than output\n", line);
          total_errs++;
          break;
      }
      if (l != str[i]) {
          printf("%d: char %d came out as %08x, should be %08x\n",
                line, i, str[i], l);
          total_errs++;
      }
    }
    if (l != -1) {
      l = va_arg(ap, long int);
      if (l != -1) {
          printf("%d: correct string longer than output\n", line);
          total_errs++;
      }
    }
    va_end(ap);
}

void utf8_write_test(int line, const long *input, int inlen, ...)
{
    va_list ap;
    wchar_t *p, str[512];
    int i;
    charset_state state;
    unsigned long l;

    state.s0 = 0;
    p = str;

    for (i = 0; i < inlen; i++)
      write_utf8(NULL, input[i], &state, utf8_emit, &p);

    va_start(ap, inlen);
    l = 0;
    for (i = 0; i < p - str; i++) {
      l = va_arg(ap, long int);
      if (l == -1) {
          printf("%d: correct string shorter than output\n", line);
          total_errs++;
          break;
      }
      if (l != str[i]) {
          printf("%d: char %d came out as %08x, should be %08x\n",
                line, i, str[i], l);
          total_errs++;
      }
    }
    if (l != -1) {
      l = va_arg(ap, long int);
      if (l != -1) {
          printf("%d: correct string longer than output\n", line);
          total_errs++;
      }
    }
    va_end(ap);
}

/* Macro to concoct the first three parameters of utf8_read_test. */
#define TESTSTR(x) __LINE__, x, lenof(x)

int main(void)
{
    printf("read tests beginning\n");
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xCE\xBA\xE1\xBD\xB9\xCF\x83\xCE\xBC\xCE\xB5"),
               0x000003BA, /* GREEK SMALL LETTER KAPPA */
               0x00001F79, /* GREEK SMALL LETTER OMICRON WITH OXIA */
               0x000003C3, /* GREEK SMALL LETTER SIGMA */
               0x000003BC, /* GREEK SMALL LETTER MU */
               0x000003B5, /* GREEK SMALL LETTER EPSILON */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\x00"),
               0x00000000, /* <control> */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xC2\x80"),
               0x00000080, /* <control> */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xE0\xA0\x80"),
               0x00000800, /* <no name available> */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xF0\x90\x80\x80"),
               0x00010000, /* <no name available> */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xF8\x88\x80\x80\x80"),
               0x00200000, /* <no name available> */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xFC\x84\x80\x80\x80\x80"),
               0x04000000, /* <no name available> */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\x7F"),
               0x0000007F, /* <control> */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xDF\xBF"),
               0x000007FF, /* <no name available> */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xEF\xBF\xBD"),
               0x0000FFFD, /* REPLACEMENT CHARACTER */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xEF\xBF\xBF"),
               ERROR,      /* <no name available> (invalid char) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xF7\xBF\xBF\xBF"),
               0x001FFFFF, /* <no name available> */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xFB\xBF\xBF\xBF\xBF"),
               0x03FFFFFF, /* <no name available> */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xFD\xBF\xBF\xBF\xBF\xBF"),
               0x7FFFFFFF, /* <no name available> */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xED\x9F\xBF"),
               0x0000D7FF, /* <no name available> */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xEE\x80\x80"),
               0x0000E000, /* <Private Use, First> */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xEF\xBF\xBD"),
               0x0000FFFD, /* REPLACEMENT CHARACTER */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xF4\x8F\xBF\xBF"),
               0x0010FFFF, /* <no name available> */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xF4\x90\x80\x80"),
               0x00110000, /* <no name available> */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\x80"),
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xBF"),
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\x80\xBF"),
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\x80\xBF\x80"),
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\x80\xBF\x80\xBF"),
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\x80\xBF\x80\xBF\x80"),
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\x80\xBF\x80\xBF\x80\xBF"),
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\x80\xBF\x80\xBF\x80\xBF\x80"),
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\x80\x81\x82\x83\x84\x85\x86\x87\x88\x89\x8A\x8B\x8C\x8D\x8E\x8F\x90\x91\x92\x93\x94\x95\x96\x97\x98\x99\x9A\x9B\x9C\x9D\x9E\x9F\xA0\xA1\xA2\xA3\xA4\xA5\xA6\xA7\xA8\xA9\xAA\xAB\xAC\xAD\xAE\xAF\xB0\xB1\xB2\xB3\xB4\xB5\xB6\xB7\xB8\xB9\xBA\xBB\xBC\xBD\xBE\xBF"),
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (unexpected continuation byte) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xC0\x20\xC1\x20\xC2\x20\xC3\x20\xC4\x20\xC5\x20\xC6\x20\xC7\x20"),
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0x00000020, /* SPACE */
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0x00000020, /* SPACE */
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0x00000020, /* SPACE */
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0x00000020, /* SPACE */
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0x00000020, /* SPACE */
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0x00000020, /* SPACE */
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0x00000020, /* SPACE */
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0x00000020, /* SPACE */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xE0\x20\xE1\x20\xE2\x20\xE3\x20\xE4\x20\xE5\x20\xE6\x20\xE7\x20\xE8\x20\xE9\x20\xEA\x20\xEB\x20\xEC\x20\xED\x20\xEE\x20\xEF\x20"),
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0x00000020, /* SPACE */
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0x00000020, /* SPACE */
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0x00000020, /* SPACE */
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0x00000020, /* SPACE */
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0x00000020, /* SPACE */
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0x00000020, /* SPACE */
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0x00000020, /* SPACE */
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0x00000020, /* SPACE */
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0x00000020, /* SPACE */
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0x00000020, /* SPACE */
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0x00000020, /* SPACE */
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0x00000020, /* SPACE */
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0x00000020, /* SPACE */
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0x00000020, /* SPACE */
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0x00000020, /* SPACE */
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0x00000020, /* SPACE */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xF0\x20\xF1\x20\xF2\x20\xF3\x20\xF4\x20\xF5\x20\xF6\x20\xF7\x20"),
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0x00000020, /* SPACE */
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0x00000020, /* SPACE */
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0x00000020, /* SPACE */
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0x00000020, /* SPACE */
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0x00000020, /* SPACE */
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0x00000020, /* SPACE */
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0x00000020, /* SPACE */
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0x00000020, /* SPACE */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xF8\x20\xF9\x20\xFA\x20\xFB\x20"),
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0x00000020, /* SPACE */
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0x00000020, /* SPACE */
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0x00000020, /* SPACE */
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0x00000020, /* SPACE */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xFC\x20\xFD\x20"),
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0x00000020, /* SPACE */
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0x00000020, /* SPACE */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xC0"),
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xE0\x80"),
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xF0\x80\x80"),
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xF8\x80\x80\x80"),
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xFC\x80\x80\x80\x80"),
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xDF"),
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xEF\xBF"),
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xF7\xBF\xBF"),
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xFB\xBF\xBF\xBF"),
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xFD\xBF\xBF\xBF\xBF"),
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xC0\xE0\x80\xF0\x80\x80\xF8\x80\x80\x80\xFC\x80\x80\x80\x80\xDF\xEF\xBF\xF7\xBF\xBF\xFB\xBF\xBF\xBF\xFD\xBF\xBF\xBF\xBF"),
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               ERROR,      /* (incomplete sequence) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xFE"),
               ERROR,      /* (invalid UTF-8 byte) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xFF"),
               ERROR,      /* (invalid UTF-8 byte) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xFE\xFE\xFF\xFF"),
               ERROR,      /* (invalid UTF-8 byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (invalid UTF-8 byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (invalid UTF-8 byte) */
               ERROR,      /* (invalid UTF-8 byte) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xC0\xAF"),
               ERROR,      /* SOLIDUS (overlong form of 2F) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xE0\x80\xAF"),
               ERROR,      /* SOLIDUS (overlong form of 2F) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xF0\x80\x80\xAF"),
               ERROR,      /* SOLIDUS (overlong form of 2F) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xF8\x80\x80\x80\xAF"),
               ERROR,      /* SOLIDUS (overlong form of 2F) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xFC\x80\x80\x80\x80\xAF"),
               ERROR,      /* SOLIDUS (overlong form of 2F) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xC1\xBF"),
               ERROR,      /* <control> (overlong form of 7F) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xE0\x9F\xBF"),
               ERROR,      /* <no name available> (overlong form of DF BF) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xF0\x8F\xBF\xBF"),
               ERROR,      /* <no name available> (overlong form of EF BF BF) (invalid char) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xF8\x87\xBF\xBF\xBF"),
               ERROR,      /* <no name available> (overlong form of F7 BF BF BF) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xFC\x83\xBF\xBF\xBF\xBF"),
               ERROR,      /* <no name available> (overlong form of FB BF BF BF BF) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xC0\x80"),
               ERROR,      /* <control> (overlong form of 00) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xE0\x80\x80"),
               ERROR,      /* <control> (overlong form of 00) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xF0\x80\x80\x80"),
               ERROR,      /* <control> (overlong form of 00) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xF8\x80\x80\x80\x80"),
               ERROR,      /* <control> (overlong form of 00) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xFC\x80\x80\x80\x80\x80"),
               ERROR,      /* <control> (overlong form of 00) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xED\xA0\x80"),
               ERROR,      /* <Non Private Use High Surrogate, First> (surrogate) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xED\xAD\xBF"),
               ERROR,      /* <Non Private Use High Surrogate, Last> (surrogate) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xED\xAE\x80"),
               ERROR,      /* <Private Use High Surrogate, First> (surrogate) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xED\xAF\xBF"),
               ERROR,      /* <Private Use High Surrogate, Last> (surrogate) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xED\xB0\x80"),
               ERROR,      /* <Low Surrogate, First> (surrogate) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xED\xBE\x80"),
               ERROR,      /* <no name available> (surrogate) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xED\xBF\xBF"),
               ERROR,      /* <Low Surrogate, Last> (surrogate) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xED\xA0\x80\xED\xB0\x80"),
               ERROR,      /* <Non Private Use High Surrogate, First> (surrogate) */
               ERROR,      /* <Low Surrogate, First> (surrogate) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xED\xA0\x80\xED\xBF\xBF"),
               ERROR,      /* <Non Private Use High Surrogate, First> (surrogate) */
               ERROR,      /* <Low Surrogate, Last> (surrogate) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xED\xAD\xBF\xED\xB0\x80"),
               ERROR,      /* <Non Private Use High Surrogate, Last> (surrogate) */
               ERROR,      /* <Low Surrogate, First> (surrogate) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xED\xAD\xBF\xED\xBF\xBF"),
               ERROR,      /* <Non Private Use High Surrogate, Last> (surrogate) */
               ERROR,      /* <Low Surrogate, Last> (surrogate) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xED\xAE\x80\xED\xB0\x80"),
               ERROR,      /* <Private Use High Surrogate, First> (surrogate) */
               ERROR,      /* <Low Surrogate, First> (surrogate) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xED\xAE\x80\xED\xBF\xBF"),
               ERROR,      /* <Private Use High Surrogate, First> (surrogate) */
               ERROR,      /* <Low Surrogate, Last> (surrogate) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xED\xAF\xBF\xED\xB0\x80"),
               ERROR,      /* <Private Use High Surrogate, Last> (surrogate) */
               ERROR,      /* <Low Surrogate, First> (surrogate) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xED\xAF\xBF\xED\xBF\xBF"),
               ERROR,      /* <Private Use High Surrogate, Last> (surrogate) */
               ERROR,      /* <Low Surrogate, Last> (surrogate) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xEF\xBF\xBE"),
               ERROR,      /* <no name available> (invalid char) */
               0, -1);
    utf8_read_test(TESTSTR("\xEF\xBF\xBF"),
               ERROR,      /* <no name available> (invalid char) */
               0, -1);
    printf("read tests completed\n");
    printf("write tests beginning\n");
    {
      const static long str[] =
      {0x03BAL, 0x1F79L, 0x03C3L, 0x03BCL, 0x03B5L, 0};
      utf8_write_test(TESTSTR(str),
                  0xCE, 0xBA,
                  0xE1, 0xBD, 0xB9,
                  0xCF, 0x83,
                  0xCE, 0xBC,
                  0xCE, 0xB5,
                  0, -1);
    }
    {
      const static long str[] = {0x0000L, 0};
      utf8_write_test(TESTSTR(str),
                  0x00,
                  0, -1);
    }
    {
      const static long str[] = {0x0080L, 0};
      utf8_write_test(TESTSTR(str),
                  0xC2, 0x80,
                  0, -1);
    }
    {
      const static long str[] = {0x0800L, 0};
      utf8_write_test(TESTSTR(str),
                  0xE0, 0xA0, 0x80,
                  0, -1);
    }
    {
      const static long str[] = {0x00010000L, 0};
      utf8_write_test(TESTSTR(str),
                  0xF0, 0x90, 0x80, 0x80,
                  0, -1);
    }
    {
      const static long str[] = {0x00200000L, 0};
      utf8_write_test(TESTSTR(str),
                  0xF8, 0x88, 0x80, 0x80, 0x80,
                  0, -1);
    }
    {
      const static long str[] = {0x04000000L, 0};
      utf8_write_test(TESTSTR(str),
                  0xFC, 0x84, 0x80, 0x80, 0x80, 0x80,
                  0, -1);
    }
    {
      const static long str[] = {0x007FL, 0};
      utf8_write_test(TESTSTR(str),
                  0x7F,
                  0, -1);
    }
    {
      const static long str[] = {0x07FFL, 0};
      utf8_write_test(TESTSTR(str),
                  0xDF, 0xBF,
                  0, -1);
    }
    {
      const static long str[] = {0xFFFDL, 0};
      utf8_write_test(TESTSTR(str),
                  0xEF, 0xBF, 0xBD,
                  0, -1);
    }
    {
      const static long str[] = {0xFFFFL, 0};
      utf8_write_test(TESTSTR(str),
                  ERROR,
                  0, -1);
    }
    {
      const static long str[] = {0x001FFFFFL, 0};
      utf8_write_test(TESTSTR(str),
                  0xF7, 0xBF, 0xBF, 0xBF,
                  0, -1);
    }
    {
      const static long str[] = {0x03FFFFFFL, 0};
      utf8_write_test(TESTSTR(str),
                  0xFB, 0xBF, 0xBF, 0xBF, 0xBF,
                  0, -1);
    }
    {
      const static long str[] = {0x7FFFFFFFL, 0};
      utf8_write_test(TESTSTR(str),
                  0xFD, 0xBF, 0xBF, 0xBF, 0xBF, 0xBF,
                  0, -1);
    }
    {
      const static long str[] = {0xD7FFL, 0};
      utf8_write_test(TESTSTR(str),
                  0xED, 0x9F, 0xBF,
                  0, -1);
    }
    {
      const static long str[] = {0xD800L, 0};
      utf8_write_test(TESTSTR(str),
                  ERROR,
                  0, -1);
    }
    {
      const static long str[] = {0xD800L, 0xDC00L, 0};
      utf8_write_test(TESTSTR(str),
                  ERROR,
                  ERROR,
                  0, -1);
    }
    {
      const static long str[] = {0xDFFFL, 0};
      utf8_write_test(TESTSTR(str),
                  ERROR,
                  0, -1);
    }
    {
      const static long str[] = {0xE000L, 0};
      utf8_write_test(TESTSTR(str),
                  0xEE, 0x80, 0x80,
                  0, -1);
    }
    printf("write tests completed\n");

    printf("total: %d errors\n", total_errs);
    return (total_errs != 0);
}
#endif /* TESTMODE */

const charset_spec charset_CS_UTF8 = {
    CS_UTF8, read_utf8, write_utf8, NULL
};

#else /* ENUM_CHARSETS */

ENUM_CHARSET(CS_UTF8)

#endif /* ENUM_CHARSETS */

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