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Sourcecode: halibut version File versions

winhelp.c

/*
 * winhelp.c   a module to generate Windows .HLP files
 * 
 * Documentation of the .HLP file format comes from the excellent
 * HELPFILE.TXT, published alongside the Help decompiler HELPDECO
 * by Manfred Winterhoff. This code would not have been possible
 * without his efforts. Many thanks.
 */

/*
 * Potential future features:
 * 
 *  - perhaps LZ77 compression? This appears to cause a phase order
 *    problem: it's hard to do the compression until the data to be
 *    compressed is finalised, and yet you can't finalise the data
 *    to be compressed until you know how much of it is going into
 *    which TOPICBLOCK in order to work out the offsets in the
 *    topic headers - for which you have to have already done the
 *    compression. Perhaps the thing to do is to implement an LZ77
 *    compressor that can guarantee to leave particular bytes in
 *    the stream as literals, and then go back and fix the offsets
 *    up later. Not pleasant.
 *  
 *  - It would be good to find out what relation (if any) the LCID
 *    record in the |SYSTEM section bears to the codepage used in
 *    the actual help text, so as to be able to vary that if the
 *    user needs it. For the moment I suspect we're stuck with
 *    Win1252.
 * 
 *  - tables might be nice.
 * 
 * Unlikely future features:
 * 
 *  - Phrase compression sounds harder. It's reasonably easy
 *    (though space-costly) to analyse all the text in the file to
 *    determine the one key phrase which would save most space if
 *    replaced by a reference everywhere it appears; but finding
 *    the _1024_ most effective phrases seems much harder since a
 *    naive analysis might find lots of phrases that all overlap
 *    (so you wouldn't get the saving you expected, as after taking
 *    out the first phrase the rest would never crop up). In
 *    addition, MS hold US patent number 4955066 which may cover
 *    phrase compression, so perhaps it's best just to leave it.
 * 
 * Cleanup work:
 * 
 *  - sort out begin_topic. Ideally we should have a separate
 *    topic_macro function that adds to the existing linkdata for
 *    the topic, because that's more flexible than a variadic
 *    function. This will be fiddly, though: if it's called before
 *    whlp_begin_topic then we must buffer macros, and if it's
 *    called afterwards then we must be able to go back and modify
 *    the linkdata2 of the topic start block. Foo.
 * 
 *  - find out what should happen if a single topiclink crosses
 *    _two_ topicblock boundaries.
 * 
 *  - What is the BlockSize in a topic header (first 4 bytes of
 *    LinkData1 in a type 2 record) supposed to mean? How on earth
 *    is it measured? The help file doesn't become perceptibly
 *    corrupt if I frob it randomly; and on some occasions taking a
 *    bit _out_ of the help file _increases_ that value. I have a
 *    feeling it's completely made up and/or vestigial, so for the
 *    moment I'm just making up a plausible value as I go along.
 */

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <stdarg.h>

#include "halibut.h"
#include "winhelp.h"
#include "tree234.h"

#ifdef TESTMODE
/*
 * This lot is useful for testing. Something like it will also be
 * needed to use this module standalone.
 */
#define smalloc malloc
#define srealloc realloc
#define sfree free
#define snew(type) ( (type *) smalloc (sizeof (type)) )
#define snewn(number, type) ( (type *) smalloc ((number) * sizeof (type)) )
#define sresize(array, len, type) \
            ( (type *) srealloc ((array), (len) * sizeof (type)) )
#define lenof(array) ( sizeof(array) / sizeof(*(array)) )
char *dupstr(char *s) {
    char *r = snewn(1+strlen(s), char); strcpy(r,s); return r;
}
#endif

#define UNUSEDARG(x) ( (x) = (x) )

#define GET_32BIT_LSB_FIRST(cp) \
  (((unsigned long)(unsigned char)(cp)[0]) | \
  ((unsigned long)(unsigned char)(cp)[1] << 8) | \
  ((unsigned long)(unsigned char)(cp)[2] << 16) | \
  ((unsigned long)(unsigned char)(cp)[3] << 24))

#define PUT_32BIT_LSB_FIRST(cp, value) do { \
  (cp)[0] = 0xFF & (value); \
  (cp)[1] = 0xFF & ((value) >> 8); \
  (cp)[2] = 0xFF & ((value) >> 16); \
  (cp)[3] = 0xFF & ((value) >> 24); } while (0)

#define GET_16BIT_LSB_FIRST(cp) \
  (((unsigned long)(unsigned char)(cp)[0]) | \
  ((unsigned long)(unsigned char)(cp)[1] << 8))

#define PUT_16BIT_LSB_FIRST(cp, value) do { \
  (cp)[0] = 0xFF & (value); \
  (cp)[1] = 0xFF & ((value) >> 8); } while (0)

#define MAX_PAGE_SIZE 0x800          /* max page size in any B-tree */
#define TOPIC_BLKSIZE 4096           /* implied by version/flags combo */

typedef struct WHLP_TOPIC_tag context;

struct file {
    char *name;                      /* file name, will need freeing */
    unsigned char *data;             /* file data, will need freeing */
    int pos;                         /* position for adding data */
    int len;                         /* # of meaningful bytes in data */
    int size;                        /* # of allocated bytes in data */
    int fileoffset;                  /* offset in the real .HLP file */
};

struct indexrec {
    char *term;                        /* index term, will need freeing */
    context *topic;                    /* topic it links to */
    int count, offset;                 /* used when building |KWDATA */
};

struct topiclink {
    int topicoffset, topicpos;             /* for referencing from elsewhere */
    int recordtype;
    int len1, len2;
    unsigned char *data1, *data2;
    context *context;
    struct topiclink *nonscroll, *scroll, *nexttopic;
    int block_size;                  /* for the topic header - *boggle* */
};

struct WHLP_TOPIC_tag {
    char *name;                      /* needs freeing */
    unsigned long hash;
    struct topiclink *link;          /* this provides TOPICOFFSET */
    context *browse_next, *browse_prev;
    char *title;               /* needs freeing */
    int index;                         /* arbitrary number */
};

struct fontdesc {
    char *font;
    int family, rendition, halfpoints;
    int r, g, b;
};

struct WHLP_tag {
    tree234 *files;                  /* stores `struct file' */
    tree234 *pre_contexts;           /* stores `context' */
    tree234 *contexts;               /* also stores `context' */
    tree234 *titles;                 /* _also_ stores `context' */
    tree234 *text;                   /* stores `struct topiclink' */
    tree234 *index;                  /* stores `struct indexrec' */
    tree234 *tabstops;                 /* stores `int' */
    tree234 *fontnames;              /* stores `char *' */
    tree234 *fontdescs;              /* stores `struct fontdesc' */
    struct file *systemfile;         /* the |SYSTEM internal file */
    context *ptopic;                 /* primary topic */
    struct topiclink *prevtopic;       /* to link type-2 records together */
    struct topiclink *link;          /* while building a topiclink */
    unsigned char linkdata1[TOPIC_BLKSIZE];   /* while building a topiclink */
    unsigned char linkdata2[TOPIC_BLKSIZE];   /* while building a topiclink */
    int topicblock_remaining;        /* while building |TOPIC section */
    int lasttopiclink;               /* while building |TOPIC section */
    int firsttopiclink_offset;             /* while building |TOPIC section */
    int lasttopicstart;              /* while building |TOPIC section */
    int para_flags;
    int para_attrs[7];
    int ncontexts;
};

/* Functions to return the index and leaf data for B-tree contents. */
typedef int (*bt_index_fn)(const void *item, unsigned char *outbuf);
typedef int (*bt_leaf_fn)(const void *item, unsigned char *outbuf);

/* Forward references. */
static void whlp_para_reset(WHLP h);
static struct file *whlp_new_file(WHLP h, char *name);
static void whlp_file_add(struct file *f, const void *data, int len);
static void whlp_file_add_char(struct file *f, int data);
static void whlp_file_add_short(struct file *f, int data);
static void whlp_file_add_long(struct file *f, int data);
static void whlp_file_fill(struct file *f, int len);
static void whlp_file_seek(struct file *f, int pos, int whence);
static int whlp_file_offset(struct file *f);

/* ----------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Fiddly little functions: B-tree compare, index and leaf functions.
 */

/* The master index maps file names to help-file offsets. */

static int filecmp(void *av, void *bv)
{
    const struct file *a = (const struct file *)av;
    const struct file *b = (const struct file *)bv;
    return strcmp(a->name, b->name);
}

static int fileindex(const void *av, unsigned char *outbuf)
{
    const struct file *a = (const struct file *)av;
    int len = 1+strlen(a->name);
    memcpy(outbuf, a->name, len);
    return len;
}

static int fileleaf(const void *av, unsigned char *outbuf)
{
    const struct file *a = (const struct file *)av;
    int len = 1+strlen(a->name);
    memcpy(outbuf, a->name, len);
    PUT_32BIT_LSB_FIRST(outbuf+len, a->fileoffset);
    return len+4;
}

/* The |CONTEXT internal file maps help context hashes to TOPICOFFSETs. */

static int ctxcmp(void *av, void *bv)
{
    const context *a = (const context *)av;
    const context *b = (const context *)bv;
    if ((signed long)a->hash < (signed long)b->hash)
      return -1;
    if ((signed long)a->hash > (signed long)b->hash)
      return +1;
    return 0;
}

static int ctxindex(const void *av, unsigned char *outbuf)
{
    const context *a = (const context *)av;
    PUT_32BIT_LSB_FIRST(outbuf, a->hash);
    return 4;
}

static int ctxleaf(const void *av, unsigned char *outbuf)
{
    const context *a = (const context *)av;
    PUT_32BIT_LSB_FIRST(outbuf, a->hash);
    PUT_32BIT_LSB_FIRST(outbuf+4, a->link->topicoffset);
    return 8;
}

/* The |TTLBTREE internal file maps TOPICOFFSETs to title strings. */

static int ttlcmp(void *av, void *bv)
{
    const context *a = (const context *)av;
    const context *b = (const context *)bv;
    if (a->link->topicoffset < b->link->topicoffset)
      return -1;
    if (a->link->topicoffset > b->link->topicoffset)
      return +1;
    return 0;
}

static int ttlindex(const void *av, unsigned char *outbuf)
{
    const context *a = (const context *)av;
    PUT_32BIT_LSB_FIRST(outbuf, a->link->topicoffset);
    return 4;
}

static int ttlleaf(const void *av, unsigned char *outbuf)
{
    const context *a = (const context *)av;
    int slen;
    PUT_32BIT_LSB_FIRST(outbuf, a->link->topicoffset);
    slen = 1+strlen(a->title);
    memcpy(outbuf+4, a->title, slen);
    return 4+slen;
}

/* The |KWBTREE internal file maps index strings to TOPICOFFSETs. */

static int idxcmp(void *av, void *bv)
{
    const struct indexrec *a = (const struct indexrec *)av;
    const struct indexrec *b = (const struct indexrec *)bv;
    int cmp;
    if ( (cmp = strcmp(a->term, b->term)) != 0)
        return cmp;
    /* Now sort on the index field of the topics. */
    if (a->topic->index < b->topic->index)
      return -1;
    if (a->topic->index > b->topic->index)
      return +1;
    return 0;
}

static int idxindex(const void *av, unsigned char *outbuf)
{
    const struct indexrec *a = (const struct indexrec *)av;
    int len = 1+strlen(a->term);
    memcpy(outbuf, a->term, len);
    return len;
}

static int idxleaf(const void *av, unsigned char *outbuf)
{
    const struct indexrec *a = (const struct indexrec *)av;
    int len = 1+strlen(a->term);
    memcpy(outbuf, a->term, len);
    PUT_16BIT_LSB_FIRST(outbuf+len, a->count);
    PUT_32BIT_LSB_FIRST(outbuf+len+2, a->offset);
    return len+6;
}

/*
 * The internal `tabstops' B-tree stores pointers-to-int. Sorting
 * is by the low 16 bits of the number (above that is flags).
 */

static int tabcmp(void *av, void *bv)
{
    const int *a = (const int *)av;
    const int *b = (const int *)bv;
    if ((*a & 0xFFFF) < (*b & 0xFFFF))
      return -1;
    if ((*a & 0xFFFF) > (*b & 0xFFFF))
      return +1;
    return 0;
}

/* The internal `fontnames' B-tree stores strings. */
static int fontcmp(void *av, void *bv)
{
    const char *a = (const char *)av;
    const char *b = (const char *)bv;
    return strcmp(a,b);
}

/* ----------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Manage help contexts and topics.
 */

/*
 * This is the code to compute the hash of a context name. Copied
 * straight from Winterhoff's documentation.
 */
static unsigned long context_hash(char *context)
{
    signed char bytemapping[256] =
      "\x00\xD1\xD2\xD3\xD4\xD5\xD6\xD7\xD8\xD9\xDA\xDB\xDC\xDD\xDE\xDF"
      "\xE0\xE1\xE2\xE3\xE4\xE5\xE6\xE7\xE8\xE9\xEA\xEB\xEC\xED\xEE\xEF"
      "\xF0\x0B\xF2\xF3\xF4\xF5\xF6\xF7\xF8\xF9\xFA\xFB\xFC\xFD\x0C\xFF"
      "\x0A\x01\x02\x03\x04\x05\x06\x07\x08\x09\x0A\x0B\x0C\x0D\x0E\x0F"
      "\x10\x11\x12\x13\x14\x15\x16\x17\x18\x19\x1A\x1B\x1C\x1D\x1E\x1F"
      "\x20\x21\x22\x23\x24\x25\x26\x27\x28\x29\x2A\x0B\x0C\x0D\x0E\x0D"
      "\x10\x11\x12\x13\x14\x15\x16\x17\x18\x19\x1A\x1B\x1C\x1D\x1E\x1F"
      "\x20\x21\x22\x23\x24\x25\x26\x27\x28\x29\x2A\x2B\x2C\x2D\x2E\x2F"
      "\x50\x51\x52\x53\x54\x55\x56\x57\x58\x59\x5A\x5B\x5C\x5D\x5E\x5F"
      "\x60\x61\x62\x63\x64\x65\x66\x67\x68\x69\x6A\x6B\x6C\x6D\x6E\x6F"
      "\x70\x71\x72\x73\x74\x75\x76\x77\x78\x79\x7A\x7B\x7C\x7D\x7E\x7F"
      "\x80\x81\x82\x83\x0B\x85\x86\x87\x88\x89\x8A\x8B\x8C\x8D\x8E\x8F"
      "\x90\x91\x92\x93\x94\x95\x96\x97\x98\x99\x9A\x9B\x9C\x9D\x9E\x9F"
      "\xA0\xA1\xA2\xA3\xA4\xA5\xA6\xA7\xA8\xA9\xAA\xAB\xAC\xAD\xAE\xAF"
      "\xB0\xB1\xB2\xB3\xB4\xB5\xB6\xB7\xB8\xB9\xBA\xBB\xBC\xBD\xBE\xBF"
      "\xC0\xC1\xC2\xC3\xC4\xC5\xC6\xC7\xC8\xC9\xCA\xCB\xCC\xCD\xCE\xCF";
    unsigned long hash;
    
    /*
     * The hash algorithm starts the hash at 0 and updates it with
     * each character. Therefore, logically, the hash of an empty
     * string should be 0 (it starts at 0 and is never updated);
     * but Winterhoff says it is in fact 1. Shouldn't matter, since
     * I never plan to use empty context names, but I'll stick the
     * special case in here anyway.
     */
    if (!*context)
      return 1;

    /*
     * Now compute the hash in the normal way.
     */
    hash = 0;
    while (*context) {
        /*
         * Be careful of overflowing `unsigned long', for maximum
         * portability.
         */

        /*
         * Multiply `hash' by 43.
         */
        {
            unsigned long bottom, top;
            bottom = (hash & 0xFFFFUL) * 43;
            top = ((hash >> 16) & 0xFFFFUL) * 43;
            top += (bottom >> 16);
            bottom &= 0xFFFFUL;
            top &= 0xFFFFUL;
            hash = (top << 16) | bottom;
        }

        /*
         * Add the mapping value for this byte to `hash'.
         */
        {
            int val = bytemapping[(unsigned char)*context];

            if (val > 0 && hash > (0xFFFFFFFFUL - val)) {
                hash -= (0xFFFFFFFFUL - val) + 1;
            } else if (val < 0 && hash < (unsigned long)-val) {
                hash += (0xFFFFFFFFUL + val) + 1;
            } else
                hash += val;
        }

      context++;
    }
    return hash;
}

WHLP_TOPIC whlp_register_topic(WHLP h, char *context_name, char **clash)
{
    context *ctx = snew(context);
    context *otherctx;

    /*
     * Index contexts in order of creation, just so there's some
     * sort of non-arbitrary ordering in the index B-tree. Call me
     * fussy, but I don't like indexing on pointer values because I
     * prefer the code to be deterministic when run under different
     * C libraries.
     */
    ctx->index = h->ncontexts++;
    ctx->browse_prev = ctx->browse_next = NULL;

    if (context_name) {
      /*
       * We have a context name, which means we can put this
       * context straight into the `contexts' tree.
       */
      ctx->name = dupstr(context_name);
      ctx->hash = context_hash(context_name);
      otherctx = add234(h->contexts, ctx);
      if (otherctx != ctx) {
          /*
           * Hash clash. Destroy the new context and return NULL,
           * providing the clashing string.
           */
          sfree(ctx->name);
          sfree(ctx);
          if (clash) *clash = otherctx->name;
          return NULL;
      }
    } else {
      /*
       * We have no context name yet. Enter this into the
       * pre_contexts tree of anonymous topics, which we will go
       * through later and allocate unique context names and hash
       * values.
       */
      ctx->name = NULL;
      addpos234(h->pre_contexts, ctx, count234(h->pre_contexts));
    }
    return ctx;
}

void whlp_prepare(WHLP h)
{
    /*
     * We must go through pre_contexts and allocate a context ID to
     * each anonymous context, making sure it doesn't clash with
     * the existing contexts.
     * 
     * Our own context IDs will just be of the form `t00000001',
     * and we'll increment the number each time and skip over any
     * IDs that clash with existing context names.
     */
    int ctx_num = 0;
    context *ctx, *otherctx;

    while ( (ctx = index234(h->pre_contexts, 0)) != NULL ) {
      delpos234(h->pre_contexts, 0);
      ctx->name = snewn(20, char);
      do {
          sprintf(ctx->name, "t%08d", ctx_num++);
          ctx->hash = context_hash(ctx->name);
          otherctx = add234(h->contexts, ctx);
      } while (otherctx != ctx);
    }

    /*
     * Ensure paragraph attributes are clear for the start of text
     * output.
     */
    whlp_para_reset(h);
}

char *whlp_topic_id(WHLP_TOPIC topic)
{
    return topic->name;
}

void whlp_begin_topic(WHLP h, WHLP_TOPIC topic, char *title, ...)
{
    struct topiclink *link = snew(struct topiclink);
    int len, slen;
    char *macro;
    va_list ap;

    link->nexttopic = NULL;
    if (h->prevtopic)
      h->prevtopic->nexttopic = link;
    h->prevtopic = link;

    link->nonscroll = link->scroll = NULL;
    link->context = topic;
    link->block_size = 0;

    link->recordtype = 2;            /* topic header */
    link->len1 = 4*7;                /* standard linkdata1 size */
    link->data1 = snewn(link->len1, unsigned char);
    
    slen = strlen(title);
    assert(slen+1 <= TOPIC_BLKSIZE);
    memcpy(h->linkdata2, title, slen+1);
    len = slen+1;

    va_start(ap, title);
    while ( (macro = va_arg(ap, char *)) != NULL) {
      slen = strlen(macro);
      assert(len+slen+1 <= TOPIC_BLKSIZE);
      memcpy(h->linkdata2+len, macro, slen+1);
      len += slen+1;
    }
    va_end(ap);
    len--;                     /* lose the last \0 on the last macro */

    link->len2 = len;
    link->data2 = snewn(link->len2, unsigned char);
    memcpy(link->data2, h->linkdata2, link->len2);

    topic->title = dupstr(title);
    topic->link = link;

    addpos234(h->text, link, count234(h->text));
}

void whlp_browse_link(WHLP h, WHLP_TOPIC before, WHLP_TOPIC after)
{
    UNUSEDARG(h);

    /*
     * See if the `before' topic is already linked to another one,
     * and break the link to that if so. Likewise the `after'
     * topic.
     */
    if (before->browse_next)
        before->browse_next->browse_prev = NULL;
    if (after->browse_prev)
        after->browse_prev->browse_next = NULL;
    before->browse_next = after;
    after->browse_prev = before;
}

/* ----------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Manage the actual generation of paragraph and text records.
 */

static void whlp_linkdata(WHLP h, int which, int c)
{
    int *len = (which == 1 ? &h->link->len1 : &h->link->len2);
    char *data = (which == 1 ? h->linkdata1 : h->linkdata2);
    assert(*len < TOPIC_BLKSIZE);
    data[(*len)++] = c;
}

static void whlp_linkdata_short(WHLP h, int which, int data)
{
    whlp_linkdata(h, which, data & 0xFF);
    whlp_linkdata(h, which, (data >> 8) & 0xFF);
}

static void whlp_linkdata_long(WHLP h, int which, int data)
{
    whlp_linkdata(h, which, data & 0xFF);
    whlp_linkdata(h, which, (data >> 8) & 0xFF);
    whlp_linkdata(h, which, (data >> 16) & 0xFF);
    whlp_linkdata(h, which, (data >> 24) & 0xFF);
}

static void whlp_linkdata_cushort(WHLP h, int which, int data)
{
    if (data <= 0x7F) {
      whlp_linkdata(h, which, data*2);
    } else {
      whlp_linkdata(h, which, 1 + (data%128 * 2));
      whlp_linkdata(h, which, data/128);
    }
}

static void whlp_linkdata_csshort(WHLP h, int which, int data)
{
    if (data >= -0x40 && data <= 0x3F)
      whlp_linkdata_cushort(h, which, data+64);
    else
      whlp_linkdata_cushort(h, which, data+16384);
}

static void whlp_linkdata_culong(WHLP h, int which, int data)
{
    if (data <= 0x7FFF) {
      whlp_linkdata_short(h, which, data*2);
    } else {
      whlp_linkdata_short(h, which, 1 + (data%32768 * 2));
      whlp_linkdata_short(h, which, data/32768);
    }
}

static void whlp_linkdata_cslong(WHLP h, int which, int data)
{
    if (data >= -0x4000 && data <= 0x3FFF)
      whlp_linkdata_culong(h, which, data+16384);
    else
      whlp_linkdata_culong(h, which, data+67108864);
}

static void whlp_para_reset(WHLP h)
{
    int *p;

    h->para_flags = 0;

    while ( (p = index234(h->tabstops, 0)) != NULL) {
        delpos234(h->tabstops, 0);
        sfree(p);
    }
}

void whlp_para_attr(WHLP h, int attr_id, int attr_param)
{
    if (attr_id >= WHLP_PARA_SPACEABOVE &&
      attr_id <= WHLP_PARA_FIRSTLINEINDENT) {
      h->para_flags |= 1 << attr_id;
      h->para_attrs[attr_id] = attr_param;
    } else if (attr_id == WHLP_PARA_ALIGNMENT) {
      h->para_flags &= ~0xC00;
      if (attr_param == WHLP_ALIGN_RIGHT)
          h->para_flags |= 0x400;
      else if (attr_param == WHLP_ALIGN_CENTRE)
          h->para_flags |= 0x800;
    }
}

void whlp_set_tabstop(WHLP h, int tabstop, int alignment)
{
    int *p;

    if (alignment == WHLP_ALIGN_CENTRE)
        tabstop |= 0x20000;
    if (alignment == WHLP_ALIGN_RIGHT)
        tabstop |= 0x10000;

    p = snew(int);
    *p = tabstop;
    add234(h->tabstops, p);
    h->para_flags |= 0x0200;
}

void whlp_begin_para(WHLP h, int para_type)
{
    struct topiclink *link = snew(struct topiclink);
    int i;

    /*
     * Clear these to NULL out of paranoia, although in records
     * that aren't type 2 they should never actually be needed.
     */
    link->nexttopic = NULL;
    link->context = NULL;
    link->nonscroll = link->scroll = NULL;

    link->recordtype = 32;           /* text record */

    h->link = link;
    link->len1 = link->len2 = 0;
    link->data1 = h->linkdata1;
    link->data2 = h->linkdata2;

    if (para_type == WHLP_PARA_NONSCROLL && h->prevtopic &&
      !h->prevtopic->nonscroll)
      h->prevtopic->nonscroll = link;
    if (para_type == WHLP_PARA_SCROLL && h->prevtopic &&
      !h->prevtopic->scroll)
      h->prevtopic->scroll = link;

    /*
     * Now we're ready to start accumulating stuff in linkdata1 and
     * linkdata2. Next we build up the paragraph info. Note that
     * the TopicSize (cslong: size of LinkData1 minus the topicsize
     * and topiclength fields) and TopicLength (cushort: size of
     * LinkData2) fields are missing; we will put those on when we
     * end the paragraph.
     */
    whlp_linkdata(h, 1, 0);          /* must-be-0x00 */
    whlp_linkdata(h, 1, 0x80);             /* must-be-0x80 */
    whlp_linkdata_short(h, 1, 0); /* Winterhoff says `id'; always 0 AFAICT */
    whlp_linkdata_short(h, 1, h->para_flags);
    for (i = WHLP_PARA_SPACEABOVE; i <= WHLP_PARA_FIRSTLINEINDENT; i++) {
      if (h->para_flags & (1<<i))
          whlp_linkdata_csshort(h, 1, h->para_attrs[i]);
    }
    if (h->para_flags & 0x0200) {
        int ntabs;
        /*
         * Write out tab stop data.
         */
        ntabs = count234(h->tabstops);
        whlp_linkdata_csshort(h, 1, ntabs);
        for (i = 0; i < ntabs; i++) {
            int tab, *tabp;
            tabp = index234(h->tabstops, i);
            tab = *tabp;
            if (tab & 0x30000)
                tab |= 0x4000;
            whlp_linkdata_cushort(h, 1, tab & 0xFFFF);
            if (tab & 0x4000)
                whlp_linkdata_cushort(h, 1, tab >> 16);
        }
    }

    /*
     * Fine. Now we're ready to start writing actual text and
     * formatting commands.
     */
}

void whlp_set_font(WHLP h, int font_id)
{
    /*
     * Write a NUL into linkdata2 to cause the reader to flip over
     * to linkdata1 to see the formatting command.
     */
    whlp_linkdata(h, 2, 0);
    /*
     * Now the formatting command is 0x80 followed by a short.
     */
    whlp_linkdata(h, 1, 0x80);
    whlp_linkdata_short(h, 1, font_id);
}

void whlp_start_hyperlink(WHLP h, WHLP_TOPIC target)
{
    /*
     * Write a NUL into linkdata2.
     */
    whlp_linkdata(h, 2, 0);
    /*
     * Now the formatting command is 0xE3 followed by the context
     * hash.
     */
    whlp_linkdata(h, 1, 0xE3);
    whlp_linkdata_long(h, 1, target->hash);
}

void whlp_end_hyperlink(WHLP h)
{
    /*
     * Write a NUL into linkdata2.
     */
    whlp_linkdata(h, 2, 0);
    /*
     * Now the formatting command is 0x89.
     */
    whlp_linkdata(h, 1, 0x89);
}

void whlp_tab(WHLP h)
{
    /*
     * Write a NUL into linkdata2.
     */
    whlp_linkdata(h, 2, 0);
    /*
     * Now the formatting command is 0x83.
     */
    whlp_linkdata(h, 1, 0x83);
}

void whlp_text(WHLP h, char *text)
{
    while (*text) {
      whlp_linkdata(h, 2, *text++);
    }
}

void whlp_end_para(WHLP h)
{
    int data1cut;

    /*
     * Round off the paragraph with 0x82 and 0xFF formatting
     * commands. Each requires a NUL in linkdata2.
     */
    whlp_linkdata(h, 2, 0);
    whlp_linkdata(h, 1, 0x82);
    whlp_linkdata(h, 2, 0);
    whlp_linkdata(h, 1, 0xFF);

    /*
     * Now finish up: create the header of linkdata1 (TopicLength
     * and TopicSize fields), allocate the real linkdata1 and
     * linkdata2 fields, and copy them out of the buffers in h.
     * Then insert the finished topiclink into the `text' tree, and
     * clean up.
     */
    data1cut = h->link->len1;
    whlp_linkdata_cslong(h, 1, data1cut);
    whlp_linkdata_cushort(h, 1, h->link->len2);

    h->link->data1 = snewn(h->link->len1, unsigned char);
    memcpy(h->link->data1, h->linkdata1 + data1cut, h->link->len1 - data1cut);
    memcpy(h->link->data1 + h->link->len1 - data1cut, h->linkdata1, data1cut);
    h->link->data2 = snewn(h->link->len2, unsigned char);
    memcpy(h->link->data2, h->linkdata2, h->link->len2);

    addpos234(h->text, h->link, count234(h->text));

    /* Hack: accumulate the `blocksize' parameter in the topic header. */
    if (h->prevtopic)
      h->prevtopic->block_size += 21 + h->link->len1 + h->link->len2;

    h->link = NULL;                  /* this is now in the tree */

    whlp_para_reset(h);
}

/* ----------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Manage the layout and generation of the |TOPIC section.
 */

static void whlp_topicsect_write(WHLP h, struct file *f, void *data, int len,
                         int can_break)
{
    unsigned char *p = (unsigned char *)data;

    if (h->topicblock_remaining <= 0 ||
      h->topicblock_remaining < can_break) {
      /*
       * Start a new block.
       */
      if (h->topicblock_remaining > 0)
          whlp_file_fill(f, h->topicblock_remaining);
      whlp_file_add_long(f, h->lasttopiclink);
      h->firsttopiclink_offset = whlp_file_offset(f);
      whlp_file_add_long(f, -1L);    /* this will be filled in later */
      whlp_file_add_long(f, h->lasttopicstart);
      h->topicblock_remaining = TOPIC_BLKSIZE - 12;
    }
    while (len > 0) {
      int thislen = (h->topicblock_remaining < len ?
                   h->topicblock_remaining : len);
      whlp_file_add(f, p, thislen);
      p += thislen;
      len -= thislen;   
      h->topicblock_remaining -= thislen;
      if (len > 0 && h->topicblock_remaining <= 0) {
          /*
           * Start a new block.
           */
          whlp_file_add_long(f, h->lasttopiclink);
          h->firsttopiclink_offset = whlp_file_offset(f);
          whlp_file_add_long(f, -1L);    /* this will be filled in later */
          whlp_file_add_long(f, h->lasttopicstart);
          h->topicblock_remaining = TOPIC_BLKSIZE - 12;
      }
    }
}

static void whlp_topic_layout(WHLP h)
{
    int block, offset, pos;
    int i, nlinks, size;
    int topicnum;
    struct topiclink *link;
    struct file *f;

    /*
     * Create a final TOPICLINK containing no usable data.
     */
    link = snew(struct topiclink);
    link->nexttopic = NULL;
    if (h->prevtopic)
      h->prevtopic->nexttopic = link;
    h->prevtopic = link;
    link->data1 = snewn(0x1c, unsigned char);
    link->block_size = 0;
    link->data2 = NULL;
    link->len1 = 0x1c;
    link->len2 = 0;
    link->nexttopic = NULL;
    link->recordtype = 2;
    link->nonscroll = link->scroll = NULL;
    link->context = NULL;
    addpos234(h->text, link, count234(h->text));

    /*
     * Each TOPICBLOCK has space for TOPIC_BLKSIZE-12 bytes. The
     * size of each TOPICLINK is 21 bytes plus the combined lengths
     * of LinkData1 and LinkData2. So we can now go through and
     * break up the TOPICLINKs into TOPICBLOCKs, and also set up
     * the TOPICOFFSET and TOPICPOS of each one while we do so.
     */

    block = 0;
    offset = 0;
    pos = 12;
    nlinks = count234(h->text);
    for (i = 0; i < nlinks; i++) {
      link = index234(h->text, i);
      size = 21 + link->len1 + link->len2;
      /*
       * We can't split within the topicblock header or within
       * linkdata1. So if the split would fall in that area,
       * start a new block _now_.
       */
      if (TOPIC_BLKSIZE - pos < 21 + link->len1) {
          block++;
          offset = 0;
          pos = 12;
      }
      link->topicoffset = block * 0x8000 + offset;
      link->topicpos = block * 0x4000 + pos;
      pos += size;
      if (link->recordtype != 2)     /* TOPICOFFSET doesn't count titles */
          offset += link->len2;
      while (pos > TOPIC_BLKSIZE) {
          block++;
          offset = 0;
          pos -= TOPIC_BLKSIZE - 12;
      }
    }

    /*
     * Now we have laid out the TOPICLINKs into blocks, and
     * determined the final TOPICOFFSET and TOPICPOS of each one.
     * So now we can go through and write the headers of the type-2
     * records.
     */

    topicnum = 0;
    for (i = 0; i < nlinks; i++) {
      link = index234(h->text, i);
      if (link->recordtype != 2)
          continue;
      
      PUT_32BIT_LSB_FIRST(link->data1 + 0, link->block_size);
      if (link->context && link->context->browse_prev)
          PUT_32BIT_LSB_FIRST(link->data1 + 4,
                        link->context->browse_prev->link->topicoffset);
      else
          PUT_32BIT_LSB_FIRST(link->data1 + 4, 0xFFFFFFFFL);
      if (link->context && link->context->browse_next)
          PUT_32BIT_LSB_FIRST(link->data1 + 8,
                        link->context->browse_next->link->topicoffset);
      else
          PUT_32BIT_LSB_FIRST(link->data1 + 8, 0xFFFFFFFFL);
      PUT_32BIT_LSB_FIRST(link->data1 + 12, topicnum);
      topicnum++;
      if (link->nonscroll)
          PUT_32BIT_LSB_FIRST(link->data1 + 16, link->nonscroll->topicpos);
      else
          PUT_32BIT_LSB_FIRST(link->data1 + 16, 0xFFFFFFFFL);
      if (link->scroll)
          PUT_32BIT_LSB_FIRST(link->data1 + 20, link->scroll->topicpos);
      else
          PUT_32BIT_LSB_FIRST(link->data1 + 20, 0xFFFFFFFFL);
      if (link->nexttopic)
          PUT_32BIT_LSB_FIRST(link->data1 + 24, link->nexttopic->topicpos);
      else
          PUT_32BIT_LSB_FIRST(link->data1 + 24, 0xFFFFFFFFL);
    }

    /*
     * Having done all _that_, we're now finally ready to go
     * through and create the |TOPIC section in its final form.
     */

    h->lasttopiclink = -1L;
    h->lasttopicstart = 0L;
    f = whlp_new_file(h, "|TOPIC");
    h->topicblock_remaining = -1;
    whlp_topicsect_write(h, f, NULL, 0, 0);   /* start the first block */
    for (i = 0; i < nlinks; i++) {
      unsigned char header[21];
      struct topiclink *otherlink;

      link = index234(h->text, i);

      /*
       * Create and output the TOPICLINK header.
       */
      PUT_32BIT_LSB_FIRST(header + 0, 21 + link->len1 + link->len2);
      PUT_32BIT_LSB_FIRST(header + 4, link->len2);
      if (i == 0) {
          PUT_32BIT_LSB_FIRST(header + 8, 0xFFFFFFFFL);
      } else {
          otherlink = index234(h->text, i-1);
          PUT_32BIT_LSB_FIRST(header + 8, otherlink->topicpos);
      }
      if (i+1 >= nlinks) {
          PUT_32BIT_LSB_FIRST(header + 12, 0xFFFFFFFFL);
      } else {
          otherlink = index234(h->text, i+1);
          PUT_32BIT_LSB_FIRST(header + 12, otherlink->topicpos);
      }
      PUT_32BIT_LSB_FIRST(header + 16, 21 + link->len1);
      header[20] = link->recordtype;
      whlp_topicsect_write(h, f, header, 21, 21 + link->len1);
      
      /*
       * Fill in the `first topiclink' pointer in the block
       * header if appropriate. (We do this _after_ outputting
       * the header because then we can be sure we'll be in the
       * same block as we think we are.)
       */
      if (h->firsttopiclink_offset > 0) {
          whlp_file_seek(f, h->firsttopiclink_offset, 0);
          whlp_file_add_long(f, link->topicpos);
          h->firsttopiclink_offset = 0;
          whlp_file_seek(f, 0, 2);
      }

      /*
       * Update the `last topiclink', and possibly `last
       * topicstart', pointers.
       */
      h->lasttopiclink = link->topicpos;
      if (link->recordtype == 2)
          h->lasttopicstart = link->topicpos;


      /*
       * Output LinkData1 and LinkData2.
       */
      whlp_topicsect_write(h, f, link->data1, link->len1, link->len1);
      whlp_topicsect_write(h, f, link->data2, link->len2, 0);

      /*
       * Output the block header.
       */

      link = index234(h->text, i);
      
    }
}

/* ----------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Manage the index sections (|KWDATA, |KWMAP, |KWBTREE).
 */

void whlp_index_term(WHLP h, char *index, WHLP_TOPIC topic)
{
    struct indexrec *idx = snew(struct indexrec);

    idx->term = dupstr(index);
    idx->topic = topic;
    /*
     * If this reference is already in the tree, just silently drop
     * the duplicate.
     */
    if (add234(h->index, idx) != idx) {
        sfree(idx->term);
        sfree(idx);
    }
}

static void whlp_build_kwdata(WHLP h)
{
    struct file *f;
    int i;
    struct indexrec *first, *next;

    f = whlp_new_file(h, "|KWDATA");

    /*
     * Go through the index B-tree, condensing all sequences of
     * records with the same term into a single one with a valid
     * (count,offset) pair, and building up the KWDATA section.
     */
    i = 0;
    while ( (first = index234(h->index, i)) != NULL) {
        first->count = 1;
        first->offset = whlp_file_offset(f);
        whlp_file_add_long(f, first->topic->link->topicoffset);
        i++;
        while ( (next = index234(h->index, i)) != NULL &&
               !strcmp(first->term, next->term)) {
            /*
             * The next index record has the same term. Fold it
             * into this one and remove from the tree.
             */
            whlp_file_add_long(f, next->topic->link->topicoffset);
            first->count++;
            delpos234(h->index, i);
            sfree(next->term);
            sfree(next);
        }
    }

    /*
     * Now we should have `index' in a form that's ready to
     * construct |KWBTREE. So we can return.
     */
}

/* ----------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Standard chunks of data for the |SYSTEM and |FONT sections.
 */

static void whlp_system_record(struct file *f, int id,
                         const void *data, int length)
{
    whlp_file_add_short(f, id);
    whlp_file_add_short(f, length);
    whlp_file_add(f, data, length);
}

static void whlp_standard_systemsection(struct file *f)
{
    const char lcid[] = { 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 9, 4 };
    const char charset[] = { 0, 0, 0, 2, 0 };

    whlp_file_add_short(f, 0x36C);     /* magic number */
    whlp_file_add_short(f, 33);            /* minor version: HCW 4.00 Win95+ */
    whlp_file_add_short(f, 1);             /* major version */
    whlp_file_add_long(f, time(NULL)); /* generation date */
    whlp_file_add_short(f, 0);             /* flags=0 means no compression */

    /*
     * Add some magic locale identifier information. (We ought to
     * find out something about what all this means; see the TODO
     * list at the top of the file.)
     */
    whlp_system_record(f, 9, lcid, sizeof(lcid));
    whlp_system_record(f, 11, charset, sizeof(charset));
}

void whlp_title(WHLP h, char *title)
{
    whlp_system_record(h->systemfile, 1, title, 1+strlen(title));
}

void whlp_copyright(WHLP h, char *copyright)
{
    whlp_system_record(h->systemfile, 2, copyright, 1+strlen(copyright));
}

void whlp_start_macro(WHLP h, char *macro)
{
    whlp_system_record(h->systemfile, 4, macro, 1+strlen(macro));
}

void whlp_primary_topic(WHLP h, WHLP_TOPIC t)
{
    h->ptopic = t;
}

static void whlp_do_primary_topic(WHLP h)
{
    unsigned char firsttopic[4];
    PUT_32BIT_LSB_FIRST(firsttopic, h->ptopic->link->topicoffset);
    whlp_system_record(h->systemfile, 3, firsttopic, sizeof(firsttopic));
}

int whlp_create_font(WHLP h, char *font, int family, int halfpoints,
                 int rendition, int r, int g, int b)
{
    char *fontname = dupstr(font);
    struct fontdesc *fontdesc;
    int index;

    font = add234(h->fontnames, fontname);
    if (font != fontname) {
      /* The font name was already present. Free the new copy. */
      sfree(fontname);
    }

    fontdesc = snew(struct fontdesc);
    fontdesc->font = font;
    fontdesc->family = family;
    fontdesc->halfpoints = halfpoints;
    fontdesc->rendition = rendition;
    fontdesc->r = r;
    fontdesc->g = g;
    fontdesc->b = b;

    index = count234(h->fontdescs);
    addpos234(h->fontdescs, fontdesc, index);
    return index;
}

static void whlp_make_fontsection(WHLP h, struct file *f)
{
    int i;
    char *fontname;
    struct fontdesc *fontdesc;

    /*
     * Header block: number of font names, number of font
     * descriptors, offset to font names, and offset to font
     * descriptors.
     */
    whlp_file_add_short(f, count234(h->fontnames));
    whlp_file_add_short(f, count234(h->fontdescs));
    whlp_file_add_short(f, 8);
    whlp_file_add_short(f, 8 + 32 * count234(h->fontnames));
    
    /*
     * Font names.
     */
    for (i = 0; (fontname = index234(h->fontnames, i)) != NULL; i++) {
      char data[32];
      memset(data, i, sizeof(data));
      strncpy(data, fontname, sizeof(data));
      whlp_file_add(f, data, sizeof(data));
    }
    
    /*
     * Font descriptors.
     */
    for (i = 0; (fontdesc = index234(h->fontdescs, i)) != NULL; i++) {
      int fontpos;
      void *ret;

      ret = findpos234(h->fontnames, fontdesc->font, NULL, &fontpos);
      assert(ret != NULL);

      whlp_file_add_char(f, fontdesc->rendition);
      whlp_file_add_char(f, fontdesc->halfpoints);
      whlp_file_add_char(f, fontdesc->family);
      whlp_file_add_short(f, fontpos);
      /* Foreground RGB */
      whlp_file_add_char(f, fontdesc->r);
      whlp_file_add_char(f, fontdesc->g);
      whlp_file_add_char(f, fontdesc->b);
      /* Background RGB is apparently unused and always set to zero */
      whlp_file_add_char(f, 0);
      whlp_file_add_char(f, 0);
      whlp_file_add_char(f, 0);
    }

}

/* ----------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Routines to manage a B-tree type file.
 */

static void whlp_make_btree(struct file *f, int flags, int pagesize,
                      char *dataformat, tree234 *tree,
                            struct file *map,
                      bt_index_fn indexfn, bt_leaf_fn leaffn)
{
    void **page_elements = NULL;
    int npages = 0, pagessize = 0;
    int npages_this_level, nentries, nlevels;
    int total_leaf_entries;
    char btdata[MAX_PAGE_SIZE];
    int btlen;
    int page_start, fixups_offset, unused_bytes;
    void *element;
    int index;

    assert(pagesize <= MAX_PAGE_SIZE);

    /*
     * Start with the B-tree header. We'll have to come back and
     * fill in a few bits later.
     */
    whlp_file_add_short(f, 0x293B);    /* magic number */
    whlp_file_add_short(f, flags);
    whlp_file_add_short(f, pagesize);
    {
      char data[16];
      memset(data, 0, sizeof(data));
      assert(strlen(dataformat) <= sizeof(data));
      memcpy(data, dataformat, strlen(dataformat));
      whlp_file_add(f, data, sizeof(data));
    }
    whlp_file_add_short(f, 0);             /* must-be-zero */
    fixups_offset = whlp_file_offset(f);
    whlp_file_add_short(f, 0);             /* page splits; fix up later */
    whlp_file_add_short(f, 0);             /* root page index; fix up later */
    whlp_file_add_short(f, -1);            /* must-be-minus-one */
    whlp_file_add_short(f, 0);             /* total number of pages; fix later */
    whlp_file_add_short(f, 0);             /* number of levels; fix later */
    whlp_file_add_long(f, count234(tree));/* total B-tree entries */

    /*
     * If we have a map section, leave space at the start for its
     * element count.
     */
    if (map) {
        whlp_file_add_short(map, 0);
    }

    /* 
     * Now create the leaf pages.
     */
    index = 0;

    npages_this_level = 0;
    total_leaf_entries = 0;

    element = index234(tree, index);
    while (element) {
      /*
       * Make a new leaf page.
       */
      npages_this_level++;
      if (npages >= pagessize) {
          pagessize = npages + 32;
          page_elements = sresize(page_elements, pagessize, void *);
      }
      page_elements[npages++] = element;

      /*
       * Leave space in the leaf page for the header. We'll
       * come back and add it later.
       */
      page_start = whlp_file_offset(f);
      whlp_file_add(f, "12345678", 8);
      unused_bytes = pagesize - 8;
      nentries = 0;

      /*
       * Now add leaf entries until we run out of room, or out of
       * elements.
       */
      while (element) {
          btlen = leaffn(element, btdata);
          if (btlen > unused_bytes)
            break;
          whlp_file_add(f, btdata, btlen);
          unused_bytes -= btlen;
          nentries++;
          index++;
          element = index234(tree, index);
      }

      /*
       * Now add the unused bytes, and then go back and put
       * in the header.
       */
      whlp_file_fill(f, unused_bytes);
      whlp_file_seek(f, page_start, 0);
      whlp_file_add_short(f, unused_bytes);
      whlp_file_add_short(f, nentries);
      /* Previous-page indicator will automatically go to -1 when
       * absent. */
      whlp_file_add_short(f, npages-2);
      /* Next-page indicator must be -1 if we're at the end. */
      if (!element)
          whlp_file_add_short(f, -1);
      else
          whlp_file_add_short(f, npages);
      whlp_file_seek(f, 0, 2);

        /*
         * If we have a map section, add a map entry.
         */
        if (map) {
            whlp_file_add_long(map, total_leaf_entries);
            whlp_file_add_short(map, npages_this_level-1);
        }
        total_leaf_entries += nentries;
    }

    /*
     * If we have a map section, write the total number of map
     * entries into it.
     */
    if (map) {
        whlp_file_seek(map, 0, 0);
        whlp_file_add_short(map, npages_this_level);
        whlp_file_seek(map, 0, 2);
    }

    /*
     * Now create further levels until we're down to one page.
     */
    nlevels = 1;
    while (npages_this_level > 1) {
      int first = npages - npages_this_level;
      int last = npages - 1;
      int current;

      nlevels++;
      npages_this_level = 0;

      current = first;
      while (current <= last) {
          /*
           * Make a new index page.
           */
          npages_this_level++;
          if (npages >= pagessize) {
            pagessize = npages + 32;
            page_elements = sresize(page_elements, pagessize, void *);
          }
          page_elements[npages++] = page_elements[current];

          /*
           * Leave space for some of the header, but we can put
           * in the PreviousPage link already.
           */
          page_start = whlp_file_offset(f);
          whlp_file_add(f, "1234", 4);
          whlp_file_add_short(f, current);
          unused_bytes = pagesize - 6;

          /*
           * Now add index entries until we run out of either
           * space or pages.
           */
          current++;
          nentries = 0;
          while (current <= last) {
            btlen = indexfn(page_elements[current], btdata);
            if (btlen + 2 > unused_bytes)
                break;
            whlp_file_add(f, btdata, btlen);
            whlp_file_add_short(f, current);
            unused_bytes -= btlen+2;
            nentries++;
            current++;
          }

          /*
           * Now add the unused bytes, and then go back and put
           * in the header.
           */
          whlp_file_fill(f, unused_bytes);
          whlp_file_seek(f, page_start, 0);
          whlp_file_add_short(f, unused_bytes);
          whlp_file_add_short(f, nentries);
          whlp_file_seek(f, 0, 2);
      }
    }

    /*
     * Now we have all our pages ready, and we know where our root
     * page is. Fix up the main B-tree header.
     */
    whlp_file_seek(f, fixups_offset, 0);
    /* Creation of every page requires a split unless it's the first in
     * a new level. Hence, page splits equals pages minus levels. */
    whlp_file_add_short(f, npages - nlevels);
    whlp_file_add_short(f, npages-1);  /* root page index */
    whlp_file_add_short(f, -1);            /* must-be-minus-one */
    whlp_file_add_short(f, npages);    /* total number of pages */
    whlp_file_add_short(f, nlevels);   /* number of levels */

    /* Just for tidiness, seek to the end of the file :-) */
    whlp_file_seek(f, 0, 2);

    /* Clean up. */
    sfree(page_elements);
}
                      

/* ----------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Routines to manage the `internal file' structure.
 */

static struct file *whlp_new_file(WHLP h, char *name)
{
    struct file *f;
    f = snew(struct file);
    f->data = NULL;
    f->pos = f->len = f->size = 0;
    if (name) {
      f->name = dupstr(name);
      add234(h->files, f);
    } else {
      f->name = NULL;
    }
    return f;
}

static void whlp_free_file(struct file *f)
{
    sfree(f->data);
    sfree(f->name);                  /* may be NULL */
    sfree(f);
}

static void whlp_file_add(struct file *f, const void *data, int len)
{
    if (f->pos + len > f->size) {
      f->size = f->pos + len + 1024;
      f->data = sresize(f->data, f->size, unsigned char);
    }
    memcpy(f->data + f->pos, data, len);
    f->pos += len;
    if (f->len < f->pos)
      f->len = f->pos;
}

static void whlp_file_add_char(struct file *f, int data)
{
    unsigned char s;
    s = data & 0xFF;
    whlp_file_add(f, &s, 1);
}

static void whlp_file_add_short(struct file *f, int data)
{
    unsigned char s[2];
    PUT_16BIT_LSB_FIRST(s, data);
    whlp_file_add(f, s, 2);
}

static void whlp_file_add_long(struct file *f, int data)
{
    unsigned char s[4];
    PUT_32BIT_LSB_FIRST(s, data);
    whlp_file_add(f, s, 4);
}

static void whlp_file_fill(struct file *f, int len)
{
    if (f->pos + len > f->size) {
      f->size = f->pos + len + 1024;
      f->data = sresize(f->data, f->size, unsigned char);
    }
    memset(f->data + f->pos, 0, len);
    f->pos += len;
    if (f->len < f->pos)
      f->len = f->pos;
}

static void whlp_file_seek(struct file *f, int pos, int whence)
{
    f->pos = (whence == 0 ? 0 : whence == 1 ? f->pos : f->len) + pos;
}

static int whlp_file_offset(struct file *f)
{
    return f->pos;
}

/* ----------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Open and close routines; final wrapper around everything.
 */

WHLP whlp_new(void)
{
    WHLP ret;
    struct file *f;

    ret = snew(struct WHLP_tag);

    /*
     * Internal B-trees.
     */
    ret->files = newtree234(filecmp);
    ret->pre_contexts = newtree234(NULL);
    ret->contexts = newtree234(ctxcmp);
    ret->titles = newtree234(ttlcmp);
    ret->text = newtree234(NULL);
    ret->index = newtree234(idxcmp);
    ret->tabstops = newtree234(tabcmp);
    ret->fontnames = newtree234(fontcmp);
    ret->fontdescs = newtree234(NULL);

    /*
     * Some standard files.
     */
    f = whlp_new_file(ret, "|CTXOMAP");
    whlp_file_add_short(f, 0);             /* dummy section */
    f = whlp_new_file(ret, "|SYSTEM");
    whlp_standard_systemsection(f);
    ret->systemfile = f;

    /*
     * Other variables.
     */
    ret->prevtopic = NULL;
    ret->ncontexts = 0;
    ret->link = NULL;

    return ret;
}

void whlp_close(WHLP h, char *filename)
{
    FILE *fp;
    int filecount, offset, index, filelen;
    struct file *file, *map, *md;
    context *ctx;
    int has_index;

    /*
     * Lay out the topic section.
     */
    whlp_topic_layout(h);

    /*
     * Finish off the system section.
     */
    whlp_do_primary_topic(h);

    /*
     * Assemble the font section.
     */
    file = whlp_new_file(h, "|FONT");
    whlp_make_fontsection(h, file);

    /*
     * Set up the index.
     */
    has_index = (count234(h->index) != 0);
    if (has_index)
        whlp_build_kwdata(h);

    /*
     * Set up the `titles' B-tree for the |TTLBTREE section.
     */
    for (index = 0; (ctx = index234(h->contexts, index)) != NULL; index++)
      add234(h->titles, ctx);

    /*
     * Construct the various B-trees.
     */
    file = whlp_new_file(h, "|CONTEXT");
    whlp_make_btree(file, 0x0002, 0x0800, "L4",
                    h->contexts, NULL, ctxindex, ctxleaf);

    file = whlp_new_file(h, "|TTLBTREE");
    whlp_make_btree(file, 0x0002, 0x0800, "Lz",
                h->titles, NULL, ttlindex, ttlleaf);

    if (has_index) {
        file = whlp_new_file(h, "|KWBTREE");
        map = whlp_new_file(h, "|KWMAP");
        whlp_make_btree(file, 0x0002, 0x0800, "F24",
                        h->index, map, idxindex, idxleaf);
    }

    /*
     * Open the output file.
     */
    fp = fopen(filename, "wb");
    if (!fp) {
      whlp_abandon(h);
      return;
    }

    /*
     * Work out all the file offsets.
     */
    filecount = count234(h->files);
    offset = 16;               /* just after header */
    for (index = 0; index < filecount; index++) {
      file = index234(h->files, index);
      file->fileoffset = offset;
      offset += 9 + file->len;       /* 9 is size of file header */
    }
    /* Now `offset' holds what will be the offset of the master directory. */

    md = whlp_new_file(h, NULL);       /* master directory file */
    whlp_make_btree(md, 0x0402, 0x0400, "z4",
                    h->files, NULL, fileindex, fileleaf);

    filelen = offset + 9 + md->len;

    /*
     * Write out the file header.
     */
    {
      unsigned char header[16];
      PUT_32BIT_LSB_FIRST(header+0, 0x00035F3FL);  /* magic */
      PUT_32BIT_LSB_FIRST(header+4, offset);       /* offset to directory */
      PUT_32BIT_LSB_FIRST(header+8, 0xFFFFFFFFL);  /* first free block */
      PUT_32BIT_LSB_FIRST(header+12, filelen);     /* total file length */
      fwrite(header, 1, 16, fp);
    }

    /*
     * Now write out each file.
     */
    for (index = 0; index <= filecount; index++) {
      int used, reserved;
      unsigned char header[9];

      if (index == filecount)
          file = md;                 /* master directory comes last */
      else
          file = index234(h->files, index);

      used = file->len;
      reserved = used + 9;

      /* File header. */
      PUT_32BIT_LSB_FIRST(header+0, reserved);
      PUT_32BIT_LSB_FIRST(header+4, used);
      header[8] = 0;                 /* flags */
      fwrite(header, 1, 9, fp);

      /* File data. */
      fwrite(file->data, 1, file->len, fp);
    }

    fclose(fp);

    whlp_free_file(md);

    whlp_abandon(h);                 /* now free everything */
}

void whlp_abandon(WHLP h)
{
    struct file *f;
    struct indexrec *idx;
    struct topiclink *link;
    struct fontdesc *fontdesc;
    char *fontname;
    context *ctx;

    /* Get rid of any lingering tab stops. */
    whlp_para_reset(h);

    /* Delete the (now empty) tabstops tree. */
    freetree234(h->tabstops);

    /* Delete the index tree and all its entries. */
    while ( (idx = index234(h->index, 0)) != NULL) {
      delpos234(h->index, 0);
      sfree(idx->term);
      sfree(idx);
    }
    freetree234(h->index);

    /* Delete the text tree and all its topiclinks. */
    while ( (link = index234(h->text, 0)) != NULL) {
      delpos234(h->text, 0);
      sfree(link->data1);            /* may be NULL */
      sfree(link->data2);            /* may be NULL */
      sfree(link);
    }
    freetree234(h->text);

    /* Delete the fontdescs tree and all its entries. */
    while ( (fontdesc = index234(h->fontdescs, 0)) != NULL) {
      delpos234(h->fontdescs, 0);
      sfree(fontdesc);
    }
    freetree234(h->fontdescs);

    /* Delete the fontnames tree and all its entries. */
    while ( (fontname = index234(h->fontnames, 0)) != NULL) {
      delpos234(h->fontnames, 0);
      sfree(fontname);
    }
    freetree234(h->fontnames);

    /* There might be an unclosed paragraph in h->link. */
    if (h->link)
      sfree(h->link);                /* if so it won't have data1 or data2 */

    /*
     * `titles' contains copies of the `contexts' entries, so we
     * don't need to free them here.
     */
    freetree234(h->titles);

    /*
     * `contexts' and `pre_contexts' _both_ contain contexts that
     * need freeing. (pre_contexts shouldn't contain any, unless
     * the help generation was abandoned half-way through.)
     */
    while ( (ctx = index234(h->pre_contexts, 0)) != NULL) {
      delpos234(h->index, 0);
      sfree(ctx->name);
      sfree(ctx->title);
      sfree(ctx);
    }
    freetree234(h->pre_contexts);
    while ( (ctx = index234(h->contexts, 0)) != NULL) {
      delpos234(h->contexts, 0);
      sfree(ctx->name);
      sfree(ctx->title);
      sfree(ctx);
    }
    freetree234(h->contexts);

    /*
     * Free all the internal files.
     */
    while ( (f = index234(h->files, 0)) != NULL ) {
      delpos234(h->files, 0);
      whlp_free_file(f);
    }
    freetree234(h->files);

    sfree(h);
}

#ifdef TESTMODE

int main(void)
{
    WHLP h;
    WHLP_TOPIC t1, t2, t3;
    char *e;
    char mymacro[100];

    h = whlp_new();

    whlp_title(h, "Test Help File");
    whlp_copyright(h, "This manual is copyright \251 2001 Simon Tatham."
               " All rights reversed.");
    whlp_start_macro(h, "CB(\"btn_about\",\"&About\",\"About()\")");
    whlp_start_macro(h, "CB(\"btn_up\",\"&Up\",\"Contents()\")");
    whlp_start_macro(h, "BrowseButtons()");

    whlp_create_font(h, "Arial", WHLP_FONTFAM_SANS, 30,
                 0, 0, 0, 0);
    whlp_create_font(h, "Times New Roman", WHLP_FONTFAM_SERIF, 24,
                 WHLP_FONT_STRIKEOUT, 0, 0, 0);
    whlp_create_font(h, "Times New Roman", WHLP_FONTFAM_SERIF, 24,
                 WHLP_FONT_ITALIC, 0, 0, 0);
    whlp_create_font(h, "Courier New", WHLP_FONTFAM_FIXED, 24,
                 0, 0, 0, 0);

    t1 = whlp_register_topic(h, "foobar", &e);
    assert(t1 != NULL);
    t2 = whlp_register_topic(h, "M359HPEHGW", &e);
    assert(t2 != NULL);
    t3 = whlp_register_topic(h, "Y5VQEXZQVJ", &e);
    assert(t3 == NULL && !strcmp(e, "M359HPEHGW"));
    t3 = whlp_register_topic(h, NULL, NULL);
    assert(t3 != NULL);

    whlp_primary_topic(h, t2);

    whlp_prepare(h);

    whlp_begin_topic(h, t1, "First Topic", "DB(\"btn_up\")", NULL);

    whlp_begin_para(h, WHLP_PARA_NONSCROLL);
    whlp_set_font(h, 0);
    whlp_text(h, "Foobar");
    whlp_end_para(h);

    whlp_begin_para(h, WHLP_PARA_SCROLL);
    whlp_set_font(h, 1);
    whlp_text(h, "This is a silly paragraph with ");
    whlp_set_font(h, 3);
    whlp_text(h, "code");
    whlp_set_font(h, 1);
    whlp_text(h, " in it.");
    whlp_end_para(h);

    whlp_para_attr(h, WHLP_PARA_SPACEABOVE, 12);
    whlp_begin_para(h, WHLP_PARA_SCROLL);
    whlp_set_font(h, 1);
    whlp_text(h, "This second, equally silly, paragraph has ");
    whlp_set_font(h, 2);
    whlp_text(h, "emphasis");
    whlp_set_font(h, 1);
    whlp_text(h, " just to prove we can do it.");
    whlp_end_para(h);

    whlp_begin_para(h, WHLP_PARA_SCROLL);
    whlp_set_font(h, 1);
    whlp_text(h, "Now I'm going to waffle on indefinitely, in a vague attempt"
            " to make some wrapping happen, and also to make the topicblock"
            " go across its boundaries. This is going to take a fair amount"
            " of text, so I'll just have to cheat and c'n'p a lot of it.");
    whlp_end_para(h);

    whlp_begin_para(h, WHLP_PARA_SCROLL);
    whlp_set_font(h, 1);
    whlp_text(h, "Now I'm going to waffle on indefinitely, in a vague attempt"
            " to make some wrapping happen, and also to make the topicblock"
            " go across its boundaries. This is going to take a fair amount"
            " of text, so I'll just have to cheat and c'n'p a lot of it.");
    whlp_end_para(h);

    whlp_begin_para(h, WHLP_PARA_SCROLL);
    whlp_set_font(h, 1);
    whlp_text(h, "Now I'm going to waffle on indefinitely, in a vague attempt"
            " to make some wrapping happen, and also to make the topicblock"
            " go across its boundaries. This is going to take a fair amount"
            " of text, so I'll just have to cheat and c'n'p a lot of it.");
    whlp_end_para(h);

    whlp_begin_para(h, WHLP_PARA_SCROLL);
    whlp_set_font(h, 1);
    whlp_text(h, "Now I'm going to waffle on indefinitely, in a vague attempt"
            " to make some wrapping happen, and also to make the topicblock"
            " go across its boundaries. This is going to take a fair amount"
            " of text, so I'll just have to cheat and c'n'p a lot of it.");
    whlp_end_para(h);

    whlp_begin_para(h, WHLP_PARA_SCROLL);
    whlp_set_font(h, 1);
    whlp_text(h, "Now I'm going to waffle on indefinitely, in a vague attempt"
            " to make some wrapping happen, and also to make the topicblock"
            " go across its boundaries. This is going to take a fair amount"
            " of text, so I'll just have to cheat and c'n'p a lot of it.");
    whlp_end_para(h);

    whlp_begin_para(h, WHLP_PARA_SCROLL);
    whlp_set_font(h, 1);
    whlp_text(h, "Now I'm going to waffle on indefinitely, in a vague attempt"
            " to make some wrapping happen, and also to make the topicblock"
            " go across its boundaries. This is going to take a fair amount"
            " of text, so I'll just have to cheat and c'n'p a lot of it.");
    whlp_end_para(h);

    whlp_begin_para(h, WHLP_PARA_SCROLL);
    whlp_set_font(h, 1);
    whlp_text(h, "Now I'm going to waffle on indefinitely, in a vague attempt"
            " to make some wrapping happen, and also to make the topicblock"
            " go across its boundaries. This is going to take a fair amount"
            " of text, so I'll just have to cheat and c'n'p a lot of it.");
    whlp_end_para(h);

    whlp_begin_para(h, WHLP_PARA_SCROLL);
    whlp_set_font(h, 1);
    whlp_text(h, "Now I'm going to waffle on indefinitely, in a vague attempt"
            " to make some wrapping happen, and also to make the topicblock"
            " go across its boundaries. This is going to take a fair amount"
            " of text, so I'll just have to cheat and c'n'p a lot of it.");
    whlp_end_para(h);

    whlp_begin_para(h, WHLP_PARA_SCROLL);
    whlp_set_font(h, 1);
    whlp_text(h, "Now I'm going to waffle on indefinitely, in a vague attempt"
            " to make some wrapping happen, and also to make the topicblock"
            " go across its boundaries. This is going to take a fair amount"
            " of text, so I'll just have to cheat and c'n'p a lot of it.");
    whlp_end_para(h);

    whlp_begin_para(h, WHLP_PARA_SCROLL);
    whlp_set_font(h, 1);
    whlp_text(h, "Now I'm going to waffle on indefinitely, in a vague attempt"
            " to make some wrapping happen, and also to make the topicblock"
            " go across its boundaries. This is going to take a fair amount"
            " of text, so I'll just have to cheat and c'n'p a lot of it.");
    whlp_end_para(h);

    whlp_begin_para(h, WHLP_PARA_SCROLL);
    whlp_set_font(h, 1);
    whlp_text(h, "Now I'm going to waffle on indefinitely, in a vague attempt"
            " to make some wrapping happen, and also to make the topicblock"
            " go across its boundaries. This is going to take a fair amount"
            " of text, so I'll just have to cheat and c'n'p a lot of it.");
    whlp_end_para(h);

    whlp_begin_para(h, WHLP_PARA_SCROLL);
    whlp_set_font(h, 1);
    whlp_text(h, "Now I'm going to waffle on indefinitely, in a vague attempt"
            " to make some wrapping happen, and also to make the topicblock"
            " go across its boundaries. This is going to take a fair amount"
            " of text, so I'll just have to cheat and c'n'p a lot of it.");
    whlp_end_para(h);

    whlp_begin_para(h, WHLP_PARA_SCROLL);
    whlp_set_font(h, 1);
    whlp_text(h, "Now I'm going to waffle on indefinitely, in a vague attempt"
            " to make some wrapping happen, and also to make the topicblock"
            " go across its boundaries. This is going to take a fair amount"
            " of text, so I'll just have to cheat and c'n'p a lot of it.");
    whlp_end_para(h);

    whlp_begin_para(h, WHLP_PARA_SCROLL);
    whlp_set_font(h, 1);
    whlp_text(h, "Now I'm going to waffle on indefinitely, in a vague attempt"
            " to make some wrapping happen, and also to make the topicblock"
            " go across its boundaries. This is going to take a fair amount"
            " of text, so I'll just have to cheat and c'n'p a lot of it.");
    whlp_end_para(h);

    whlp_begin_para(h, WHLP_PARA_SCROLL);
    whlp_set_font(h, 1);
    whlp_text(h, "Now I'm going to waffle on indefinitely, in a vague attempt"
            " to make some wrapping happen, and also to make the topicblock"
            " go across its boundaries. This is going to take a fair amount"
            " of text, so I'll just have to cheat and c'n'p a lot of it.");
    whlp_end_para(h);

    whlp_begin_para(h, WHLP_PARA_SCROLL);
    whlp_set_font(h, 1);
    whlp_text(h, "Now I'm going to waffle on indefinitely, in a vague attempt"
            " to make some wrapping happen, and also to make the topicblock"
            " go across its boundaries. This is going to take a fair amount"
            " of text, so I'll just have to cheat and c'n'p a lot of it.");
    whlp_end_para(h);

    whlp_begin_para(h, WHLP_PARA_SCROLL);
    whlp_set_font(h, 1);
    whlp_text(h, "Now I'm going to waffle on indefinitely, in a vague attempt"
            " to make some wrapping happen, and also to make the topicblock"
            " go across its boundaries. This is going to take a fair amount"
            " of text, so I'll just have to cheat and c'n'p a lot of it.");
    whlp_end_para(h);

    whlp_begin_para(h, WHLP_PARA_SCROLL);
    whlp_set_font(h, 1);
    whlp_text(h, "Now I'm going to waffle on indefinitely, in a vague attempt"
            " to make some wrapping happen, and also to make the topicblock"
            " go across its boundaries. This is going to take a fair amount"
            " of text, so I'll just have to cheat and c'n'p a lot of it.");
    whlp_end_para(h);

    whlp_begin_para(h, WHLP_PARA_SCROLL);
    whlp_set_font(h, 1);
    whlp_text(h, "Now I'm going to waffle on indefinitely, in a vague attempt"
            " to make some wrapping happen, and also to make the topicblock"
            " go across its boundaries. This is going to take a fair amount"
            " of text, so I'll just have to cheat and c'n'p a lot of it.");
    whlp_end_para(h);

    whlp_begin_para(h, WHLP_PARA_SCROLL);
    whlp_set_font(h, 1);
    whlp_text(h, "Now I'm going to waffle on indefinitely, in a vague attempt"
            " to make some wrapping happen, and also to make the topicblock"
            " go across its boundaries. This is going to take a fair amount"
            " of text, so I'll just have to cheat and c'n'p a lot of it.");
    whlp_end_para(h);

    whlp_begin_para(h, WHLP_PARA_SCROLL);
    whlp_set_font(h, 1);
    whlp_text(h, "Now I'm going to waffle on indefinitely, in a vague attempt"
            " to make some wrapping happen, and also to make the topicblock"
            " go across its boundaries. This is going to take a fair amount"
            " of text, so I'll just have to cheat and c'n'p a lot of it.");
    whlp_end_para(h);

    whlp_begin_para(h, WHLP_PARA_SCROLL);
    whlp_set_font(h, 1);
    whlp_text(h, "Now I'm going to waffle on indefinitely, in a vague attempt"
            " to make some wrapping happen, and also to make the topicblock"
            " go across its boundaries. This is going to take a fair amount"
            " of text, so I'll just have to cheat and c'n'p a lot of it.");
    whlp_end_para(h);

    whlp_begin_para(h, WHLP_PARA_SCROLL);
    whlp_set_font(h, 1);
    whlp_text(h, "Have a ");
    whlp_start_hyperlink(h, t2);
    whlp_text(h, "hyperlink");
    whlp_end_hyperlink(h);
    whlp_text(h, " to another topic.");
    whlp_end_para(h);

    sprintf(mymacro, "CBB(\"btn_up\",\"JI(`',`%s')\");EB(\"btn_up\")",
          whlp_topic_id(t3));

    whlp_begin_topic(h, t2, "Second Topic", mymacro, NULL);

    whlp_begin_para(h, WHLP_PARA_SCROLL);
    whlp_set_font(h, 1);
    whlp_text(h, "This topic contains no non-scrolling region. I would"
            " illustrate this with a ludicrously long paragraph, but that"
            " would get very tedious very quickly. Instead I'll just waffle"
            " on pointlessly for a little bit and then shut up.");
    whlp_end_para(h);

    whlp_set_tabstop(h, 36, WHLP_ALIGN_LEFT);
    whlp_para_attr(h, WHLP_PARA_LEFTINDENT, 36);
    whlp_para_attr(h, WHLP_PARA_FIRSTLINEINDENT, -36);
    whlp_para_attr(h, WHLP_PARA_SPACEABOVE, 12);
    whlp_begin_para(h, WHLP_PARA_SCROLL);
    whlp_set_font(h, 1);
    whlp_text(h, "\225");              /* bullet */
    whlp_tab(h);
    whlp_text(h, "This is a paragraph with a bullet. With any luck it should"
              " work exactly like it used to in the old NASM help file.");
    whlp_end_para(h);

    whlp_set_tabstop(h, 128, WHLP_ALIGN_RIGHT);
    whlp_set_tabstop(h, 256, WHLP_ALIGN_CENTRE);
    whlp_set_tabstop(h, 384, WHLP_ALIGN_LEFT);
    whlp_para_attr(h, WHLP_PARA_SPACEABOVE, 12);
    whlp_begin_para(h, WHLP_PARA_SCROLL);
    whlp_set_font(h, 1);
    whlp_text(h, "Ooh:"); whlp_tab(h);
    whlp_text(h, "Right?"); whlp_tab(h);
    whlp_text(h, "Centre?"); whlp_tab(h);
    whlp_text(h, "Left?");
    whlp_end_para(h);

    whlp_set_tabstop(h, 128, WHLP_ALIGN_RIGHT);
    whlp_set_tabstop(h, 256, WHLP_ALIGN_CENTRE);
    whlp_set_tabstop(h, 384, WHLP_ALIGN_LEFT);
    whlp_begin_para(h, WHLP_PARA_SCROLL);
    whlp_set_font(h, 1);
    whlp_text(h, "Aah:"); whlp_tab(h);
    whlp_text(h, "R?"); whlp_tab(h);
    whlp_text(h, "C?"); whlp_tab(h);
    whlp_text(h, "L?");
    whlp_end_para(h);

    sprintf(mymacro, "CBB(\"btn_up\",\"JI(`',`%s')\");EB(\"btn_up\")",
          whlp_topic_id(t1));

    whlp_begin_topic(h, t3, "Third Topic", mymacro, NULL);

    whlp_begin_para(h, WHLP_PARA_SCROLL);
    whlp_set_font(h, 1);
    whlp_text(h, "This third topic is almost as boring as the first. Woo!");
    whlp_end_para(h);

    /*
     * Browse sequence.
     */
    whlp_browse_link(h, t1, t2);
    whlp_browse_link(h, t2, t3);

    /*
     * Index terms.
     */
    whlp_index_term(h, "foobarbaz", t1);
    whlp_index_term(h, "foobarbaz", t2);
    whlp_index_term(h, "foobarbaz", t3);
    whlp_index_term(h, "foobar", t1);
    whlp_index_term(h, "foobar", t2);
    whlp_index_term(h, "foobaz", t1);
    whlp_index_term(h, "foobaz", t3);
    whlp_index_term(h, "barbaz", t2);
    whlp_index_term(h, "barbaz", t3);
    whlp_index_term(h, "foo", t1);
    whlp_index_term(h, "bar", t2);
    whlp_index_term(h, "baz", t3);

    whlp_close(h, "test.hlp");
    return 0;
}

#endif

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